Fetal monitoring research resources

We have covered and shared a lot of fetal monitoring research over the years. But. as one of our lovely Gathering in the Knowledge online course participants helpfully pointed out, we don’t have a page which brings this information together.

Well, now we do!

With grateful thanks to our colleague for bringing this to our attention, here’s a list of resources available on the site. We hope this will make your surfing and sharing easier.

Please be aware that this isn’t a comprehensive list of everything out there on this topic. Fetal monitoring is a controversial area. Many women are told that their baby needs to be monitored, and yet the research shows that this doesn’t confer the benefits that people think it will. Much of the work shared on this page challenges the mainstream viewpoint. But there are, as always, plenty more papers and perspectives out there. But I hope that you will find this to be a good jumping-off point, especially if you’re interested in the work of those who are questioning the use of this technology.


Let’s start with a few examples of articles which have questioned the use of fetal monitoring in the medical and midwifery literature over the past few years:

Moving fetal monitoring discussions forward…

Fetal monitoring and cherry picking evidence…

EFM: ubiquitous yet flawed

Does CTG monitoring reduce perinatal mortality in ‘high risk’ women?


We have highlighted a number of papers written by Tom Sartwelle and Jim Johnson, sometimes in collaboration with other colleagues.

Electronic Fetal Monitoring: Rearranging The Titanic’s Deck Chairs

Continuing the electronic fetal monitoring debate

The undiscussed cost of electronic fetal monitoring…

The case against electronic fetal monitoring

“EFM is a waste of extremely scarce resources…”

EFM and conflicts of interest

Perpetuating Myths, Fables, and Fairy Tales…

EFM and Murphy’s law


And here’s an article that I wrote, highlighting another important part of this debate. I look at work which shows that fetal monitoring is not only ineffective, but that it brings more even hazards than have traditionally been considered.

Midwives matter more than monitors


I’ve also written about intermittent auscultation and the use of pinards:

Discussing intermittent auscultation…

Pinard Wisdom (part 1)

Pinard Wisdom (part 2)


Here’s hoping that this helps you in your work!

And if you’d like to chat about this kind of thing and/or learn more about how to read and understand research for yourself, come and join me on one of my online courses!