What is person-centred care?

A student midwife recently asked, ‘Do you have a good explanation of ‘person-centred care’?’

Yes, thanks to a recent editorial in the British Medical Journal.


“People-centered care moves away from traditional care models where care is determined by uniform procedures derived from needs associated with disease classifications and degrees of dependency and by organizational constraints (what has sometimes been termed as models of focused care in services).

To make effective this model implies having an integral vision of people and recognition of its value and singularity and which looks at the capacities, rather than the deficits, and supports the self-determination of individuals. Direct care professionals, in addition to protecting people and attending to their diverse needs, relate to the knowledge of their life histories looking for opportunities and supports so that each person can develop their capacities, have control over their daily lives and consequently feel better.

Person Centered Care is a model that has an approach with a high capacity to improve the quality of services and guide good professional practice.”

– Moises A. Santos-Peña

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Santos-Peña MA (2017). Implementing person centred approaches. BMJ; 358 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.j4126
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